The presentation is always a lot less than the preparation, and a real professional can find a balance between the two.
Me: Speaking of the usage and the impact of E-Journals, why do you think UW-Madison decided to purchase E- Journals at the first place?
!Kerry:ElectronicJournalsallowmultiplepeopletolookatthesameJournalatthesametime.Peopledon’thaveto leave their offices to come to the library. So they can access right there in their lab, in their offices, they can access it at home. So they really have 24-hour access to the journals that they need.
Me: So we have a 24-hour access online in the library catalog? Kerry: Yep.
Me: So when did all of these…start? The purchase of E-Journals? Kerry: I would say in the early 90s, it started to happen.
Me: And it opened to all Undergraduate students and faculty members?
Kerry: In most cases, yes. It took a while to develop, it started in Physics and Astronomy (libraries), they were one of the first ones to put their journal content online. They had a lot to do with the creation of the Internet and the World Wide Web, so it’s not unusual that they would be one of the first, the early adapters of putting the electronic journals online. Also, Physics is very much a discipline that relies on their journals. They need the newest information right away.
Me: Do they have E-Journals back in 90s on WWW?
Kerry: Not until…1991.
Me: And they have publishers for E-Journals at that time?
Kerry:Yeah,justtheregularpublishers.Anditwaskindofslow,soyouhavetodototheAmericanPhysicsSociety homepage to find physical review.
Me: So many people know about how to do that? Including the students and professors?
!Kerry: The faculty did, the students who needed to use these journals, they found out about it. Over the years, we
developed more and more sophisticated ways of accessing the journals. !Me: What do you mean by sophisticated ways?
Kerry: So when we first started out, we had a list, the E-Journal list. So these were all the journals that people were interested in. Some we subscribe to, some we didn’t. It was very difficult to find where the links actually were. Google wasn’t around yet, it was occasionally difficult to find the right url.
Me: So they click on the url and will lead them to the publishers’ website?
Kerry: Right, so we created the link because they weren’t available freely on the web. They still not available freely on the web. Just like we have to pay for a subscription to get the paper copies delivered to the library, we have to pay a subscription to be able to access them online.
Me: You pay subscription to the publishers? !
Library Budget: Never Enough !
- “Who would ever thought a means of communication limited to 140 characters would’ve ever create misunderstanding?”
- “I am not a racist, I don’t even see race, not even my own. People tell me I’m White and I believe them because I just devoted 6 minutes explaining how I’m not a racist.”
- “Once the #cancelcolbert got rolling, it was one of the top 5 trends for more than 36 hours because everybody wants to talk about the King. Then, it was picked up by a small group of Americans who get their information only from Twitter, the news media. CNN even took a break from Malasian airliner coverage to report a spotting what they thought was a wreckage of my show out of the coast in Australia. “
Hunting for Parking Spots: Tension in China
For over thirty years China’s economy has been constantly expanding in a surprisingly rapid rate, this age of prosperity-for-all leads to the exponentially growing number of privately- owned cars in Chinese major cities.
In these highly motorizing cities such as Beijing and Guangzhou, the shortage of parking has already emerged as an increasingly problematic issue (Manville, 2005, P.13). Though being a crucial component in urban transportation system, parking is often overlooked and inadequately managed by authorities. The supply of parking spaces always fails to catch up with the demand of them, and the gap between supply and demand has been continuing widening over recent years. In the nation’s Capital, 5 million cars are space-hunting aggressively for the 740,000 parking spots everyday (Jing, 2011). Because of the limited parking vacancies, endless cars park alongside city’s narrow streets, squeezing out so much space that other vehicles can’t pass through and thus provoking severe road congestion. The shortage of parking has brought both an enormity of burden to the city’s traffic system and grand inconvenience to citizens’ daily life, this slowly intensifying situation is urged to be tamped down. By far, providing more off-street parking spaces, adjusting the unsuitable, outdated parking policies, and adding new alternatives are three solutions most highly urbanized cities adopting to defuse this parking crisis.
Started in the early 1990s, parking has been under the control of China’s central and local governments but was largely neglected because car and parking are treated separately. Parking regulations such as parking lots construction are alienated from automobile policies (Manville, 2005, P.2). Due to the careless central planning, Parking tensions are raised across many advanced cities with great population density and explosion of car ownerships. In 2006, the year China ousted U.S. to be the world’s largest purchaser of automobiles, more than 10% of the urban population in Beijing and more than 20% of Taipei residents owned at least one vehicle (Barter, 2011, P.3; Qiao, 2011). According to the Beijing Traffic Management Bureau, the numbers of car ownerships grew by 20,000 in 2007, doubled in 2009 and quintupled in 2010 (Xue, 2013). In 2012, the number of car ownership erupted by 20 times (Eekiff, 2013). Due to the fast enlarging number of cars and the government’s deregulation on parking, the balance between supply of parking spaces and demand of them is difficult to accomplish.
Currently double-majoring in Journalism & Political Science as a Sophomore in UW-Madison, I’ve many thoughts on what to be in the future and to be an interpreter is the top of my choices, a person who helps in writing translation or oral interpretation and works both paths (Chinese-English; English-Chinese) after completing a M.A. in Interpreting & Translating.
Being an interpreter/translator for business companies or international/national organizations/institutions can be a promising and exciting career. In recent years, the overwhelming global communication has brought great career opportunities for translating and interpreting jobs. China, in particular,is one of the countries that has strong impulse and great demand for interpreters after it going international. There is a high demand for people who can translate between languages in the market especially for those who are able to work in two directions between Chinese and English language.
Pursuing careers in language is a family thing. Both of my parents have been teaching and working in Slavic language for more than thirty years. Heavily influenced by them in the acquisition of first and foreign languages, I was said to speak faster and were able to read books at a very early age in childhood. A couple of years later during an international conference in Peking, I met thousands of students from different countries and brought different cultures, they influenced me starting to like the exchange of information among diverse cultural backgrounds. Since then, facilitating information between groups of people has become my major interest, and promoting the flow of information via language interpretation between groups of members is the most appealing one.
However, among all the interpreters that China owns, only a small amount of them are able to simultaneously interpreting languages. These people are well-trained in the most professional T&I programs. Most Graduate schools that can provide such high-quality trainings are located in U.K. The language program at University of Bath is one of them. The program has earned a wide-ranged reputation in T&I market, it has the highest employment rate in both institutional markets and private markets. I have been studying the careers of the graduated students in recent couple of years and found that approximately 60% of the graduated students from last year are currently working for government agencies, only a small portion chose to work in companies like Microsoft. The school is linking with a network of organizations and communities worldwide, including 22 Erasmus partner institutions and a number of multinational corporations and diplomatic services in UN and EU. Of course, the program is highly competitive and accepts very few students every year. The average number of admission of Chinese international students per semester is four to seven. They are expected a score of above 7.5 in IELTS and an overall GPA of 3.5 or above. If the above requirements are met, a written test will be mailed for further examination in translation skills followed with an oral test combined with an interview. Applicants who successfully pass all three examinations are formally admitted to the program.
Experts say there’s no such thing as “learning experience” for the acquisition of 1st language. Before age 5-6, children are not trained or taught to manipulate a language systematically but they acquired the skill of expression via this intangible tool anyway. As they grow up and want to possess a second or third language, learning is required and the way children learn a second language is quite different from acquiring their first language. Read the rest of this entry »